The groups of children’s chairs for the car that exist in Spain
The i-Size standard came into effect in 2013 and will coexist with the previous one until 2018. RACE
A chair according to age? the height? The weight of the child? Many parents buy a car seat for the first time and do not know which one to choose. The regulation changes and, with it, the children’s chairs that go out to the market. Therefore, in 20MINUTOS.ES we wanted to review the current approvals and the groups in which the child seats are classified, based on the information collected by the RACE.
Currently, two regulations coexist ECE 44/04, the oldest, and the R-129, called i-Size, in force since 2013. With the new R-129, i-Size homologation, groups of child seats they are organized by height and not by weight, as in ECE 44/04:
- Car seats i-Size (45-75 cm), for children up to one year of age approximately: these chairs are adapted to the new standard and have an ISOFIX anchorage. The carrycot is provided with harnesses to ensure the greatest possible fastening and must be installed in the opposite direction of the vehicle.
- I -Size car seats (up to 105 cm), for children from 6 months to 4 years of age , approximately: these chairs are also adapted to the new standard. They should always be fastened with ISOFIX anchors and have safety harnesses to ensure that they are held as much as possible to the backrest of the chair.
According to the RACE, it is expected that this new standard will be completed in 2017, although its implementation is somewhat delayed . Its phases are the following:
- Phase 1 : New regulations for integral ISOFIX car seats – with two anchors on the back of the seat and another anchor point, either on the ground or on the back of the backrest (up to now groups of weight 0, 0+ and I). In force since the summer of 2013.
- Phase 2 : New regulations for non-integral child seats – those seats in which the child is held by means of adult safety belts (hitherto weight groups II and III). Initially planned for 2016 but delayed until mid-2017.
- Phase 3 : New regulations for integral child seats for fixing with the vehicle belt . Initially planned for 2017.
ECE 44/04 , approved in 1982 and improved four times, classifies children’s chairs into groups according to the weight of the children:
- Baby carriers of group 0 (from 0 to 10 kg): these baskets adapted for newborns should be installed in the rear seats of the vehicle and in transverse position, always placing the child with the head inwards.
- Children’s chairs 0 and 0+ group (from 0 to 13 kg): with these child seats you can take the baby both in the back and in the front of the vehicle. Of course, the passenger airbag must be disconnected or not be available. The chair should be placed in the opposite direction to the gear and anchored to the vehicle. The harnesses of the chair will be in charge of protecting the baby.
- Children’s chairs group 1 (from 9 to 18 kilos): the child is attached to the chair through a harness, and this to the car, allowing placement in both directions of the march. From time to time, as the child grows, it is important to adjust the chair to avoid gaps in both the harness and the installation with the belt. This group of child seats can be purchased with an ISOFIX anchorage and the RACE recommends taking the child in the opposite direction of walking.
- Children’s chairs group 2 (from 15 to 25 kg): thanks to the lift with backrest, you can adapt the route of the 3-point belt to the restraint systems, using the seat belt of the car to hold the child. Children in this group can travel both in the back seat and in the front and in the direction of travel.
- Children’s chairs group 3 (from 22 to 36 kg): this group allows children to go both in the front seats and in the taseras in the direction of the march. With the lifting cushion, the child rises to be able to use the belt of 3 points of the vehicle in a completely safe way. The RACE advises to use a lift with backrest (group II) until the child measures 1.35 meters (in the General Regulations of Circulation indicates that “minors of equal or less than 135 centimeters must use child restraint systems”), if the system allows it.
Although the two regulations will coexist until approximately 2018, the RACE recommends acquiring chairs with the most current and demanding standards, the i-Size.
Regulation in Europe and Spain
At European level, Commission Directive 2014/37 / EU of 27 February 2014 amended Council Directive 91/671 / EEC, concerning the mandatory use of safety belts and restraint devices for children in vehicles . This reform was made to unify at the community level the regulations on child seats that are used on board the cars. It contains the latest technical improvements that these Child Retention Systems must comply with.
At the national level, on October 1, 2015, the modification of the General Circulation Regulations came into force, published in the BOE on July 18, which focuses on safety belts and child protection systems in the country. car.
- More information on the rules of Children’s Chairs on the RACE website.
- More information from the RACE on the groups in which children’s chairs are classified.
- More information on Child Retention Systems in the General Circulation Regulations (Title III, Chapter II, Article 117, p.68).
- More information on Child Retention Systems in the DGT.