World’s First Aid Day is celebrated on the second Saturday of September. As we know, children look like rubber but they give us scares frequently with falls and other accidents . Would you know how to act at this time? Would you know what to do and not do if this happens to your children? We explain it to you below.
What do we mean when we talk about first aid?
First aid is the first action we put in place when a person has suffered an accident, injury or sudden illness , until that person can be taken to a specialized medical center where they are treated.
In the case of children, parents should be trained in how to act when their children suffer from an accident until they can be cared for by the health personnel.
What possible accidents can occur in our children?
In the case of children, certain accidents are especially common, since they usually need a lot of movement and do not have the same coordination as an adult when their body is growing and they are not aware of their limitations and dimensions. In addition, they usually like to explore , since they are in a learning period, sometimes minimizing the danger of certain situations.
What to do in case of accidents with babies and children?
A crucial rule at this time is that the father or mother remain calm and give security to the child . The child always needs his main reference figure to remain calm, since it is his “emotional container”, which helps him regulate and manage his emotions . If the parents are kept safe, the child will feel safe and protected.
Other initial measures can be:
- Avoid subsequent injuries , keep him in a safe place.
- Call a doctor as soon as possible.
- Accommodate the child and immobilize him .
- Examine him very carefully.
What should we not do at this time?
- Leaving the child alone can be very traumatic for the child to remain alone in a dangerous situation in which he is scared.
- Touch the wound without protection .
- Move the child unnecessarily : we will only do it in case that in the place where he is still exposed to danger.
- Provide medicines, food or liquids to the victim.
- Stop attending to a hemorrhage.
- Ask the victim many questions in a row , since this can distress and stun him.
- Accommodate the bones in case of fracture .
- Have a first aid kit with everything necessary for first aid with children and babies.
- To heal wounds:
- Always wash your hands before touching the area.
- If the bleeding continues, press the wound directly .
- Clean the wound with water .
- If a foreign body is stuck inside the wound try to hold it to prevent movement .
- Cover the wound with sterile gauze or with a clean, dry handkerchief .
- Go to the doctor and make sure the little one has the tetanus shot.
In case of febrile convulsions:
- Make sure that the airways are open .
- Prevents the child from hitting and can self-injure .
- Once the convulsions stop, refresh them by removing clothing and airing the environment.
- Go to a pediatrician to examine you.
- Control at all times the appearance of your skin and breathing .
- Do not bathe the child in cold water, it could make the situation worse.
- Do not hold him to prevent him from moving during seizures.
- Do not transfer him during a seizure , let him pass and keep him in a safe place.
In case of burns:
In this case the main thing is to evaluate the cause of the burn (electrical or thermal) and the degree of severity (first, second or third degree).
- In the case of thermal burns , the lesion should be cooled with cold water (not very cold) until the pain subsides.
- If the clothes are stuck to the wound do not remove it .
- Cover the lesion with wet dressings .
- Do not apply ointments or other substances.
- In the case of electric burns, do not touch the body of the child until it is free of the electric current and make sure that the blood circulates and that there is no air obstruction . Then proceed as with thermal burn.
In case of nosebleed:
- Ask the child to put his head forward so that the blood falls. Do not tilt your head back under any circumstances.
- Tell him to breathe through his mouth while pressing the soft part of his nose with his thumb and forefinger for 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops.
- Do not plug the nostrils with cotton or gauze.
- Do not let it sound because it prevents the formation of the clot.
In case of poisoning:
- The first thing is to remove the child’s poison.
- Do not try to take it out of your mouth if you are in solid form .
- If it is in the form of gas , protect yourself first and then separate the child from the area.
- If the poison is corrosive remove the affected clothing and take the container or label for when the child attends the health services.
In case of choking:
- Stimulate and facilitate the cough to continue producing.
- Do not tap the child on the back .
- Avoid offering the baby something to drink or compress the abdomen.
- If the cough is not enough, call the emergency department while continuing to care for the victim.
- Place the child standing and leaning, with the head lower than the body . Pass one hand through your armpits to hold your chest and with the other hand give up to 5 strokes with the bottom of the palm of the hand in the upper back between their shoulder blades.
- If you have not expel the foreign body , start abdominal compressions or Heimlich maneuver up to 5 times .
- If unconscious , cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) begins : series of 30 chest compressions and two insufflations in the child’s mouth until recovery or the arrival of emergency services.
In case of drowning:
- The first thing is to rescue it without putting our lives in danger or warning the relief services.
- Once out of the water , place the child with his head lower than his chest so he does not choke on his own vomit.
- Take the child to a nearby place, warm and dry, and tomb him with blankets and warm clothes.
- Control your breathing and pulse .
- If you are unconscious but breathing , place him in recovery position .
- Change wet clothes and protect from cold .
- Immediately take him to receive medical attention and stay for 72 hours watching his evolution due to the risk of secondary drowning.
Considering all this that we have commented to you, it is necessary to have contracted a family health insurance so that our children can be well taken care of in case of suffering any of these accidents, and thus we are calmer. Because we can not ask the children not to play and be quiet but to give them the best possible attention.